Personality traits

Humor


LASA111
LASA311

Contact: Dorly Deeg

Background
Humor has been regarded as an adaptive coping mechanism by several psychological theorists. Freud regarded humor as “ the highest of defensive processes” (Freud, 1960). Humor can have a stress buffering effect; the mood of people with a greater sense of humor is less adversely affected by stressful experiences (Martin and Lefcourt, 1983; Martin, 1996).

Measurement instrument in LASA
The Coping Humor Scale is a self-report scale that assesses the degree to which respondents report using humor to cope with stress. It is a 7-item scale with statements such as “ I often found that my problems have been greatly reduced when I tried to find something funny in them”. Respondents are instructed to rate the degree to which they agree or disagree with each item on a 5-point Likert-type scale, and a total score is computed by summing across items (Martin and Lefcourt, 1983). The Coping humor Scale was administered in waves B and D only.

Questionnaires
LASAB111 / LASAD111 (self-administered questionnaire, in Dutch)

Variable information
LASAB111 / LASAD111;
LASAB311 / LASAD311 (scale scores)
(pdf)

Availability of information per wave 1

 

B

C

D

E


2B*

F

G

H



3B*

MB*

I

Humor

Sa

-

Sa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 More information about the LASA data collection waves is available here.

* 2B=baseline second cohort;
   3B=baseline third cohort;
   MB=migrants: baseline first cohort

Sa=data collected in self-administered questionnaire

 

Previous use in LASA
This variable is not yet used in a publication.

References

  1. Freud, S. Jokes and their relation to the unconscious. New York: Norton, 1960.
  2. Martin, R. A. & Lefcourt, H.M. Sense of humor as a moderator of the relation between Stressors and moods (1983). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45, 1313-1324.
  3. Martin, R.A. The Situational Humor Response Questionnaire (SHRQ) and Coping Humor Scale (CHS): A decade of research findings (1996). International Journal of Humor Research. Volume 9, Issue 3-4, 251–272.